The kidney is made up of tiny filtering units called Nephrons. Diabetic Nephropathy is a complication that damages these small filtering units in which the kidney starts leaking protein from your muscles into the urine. Early diagnosis of this complication can help its prevention and is also reversible. The risk of having Diabetic Nephropathy is higher if you have Diabetic Retinopathy & Neuropathy.
The sudden loss in your weight during diabetes is one of the noticeable symptoms of diabetic Nephropathy. Other symptoms may include :
- Unusual Weight Loss
- Poor Appetite
- Ankle swelling (due to retaining fluid) and mild fatigue
- Urinating less than usual
- Muscle cramps, dry and itchy skin
- Extreme fatigue, vomiting and nausea
Treatment of Diabetic Nephropathy
There are several risk factors like unmanaged blood sugar levels, family history, smoking or obesity that may damage the Kidneys and eventually the kidneys stop working. A transplant or dialysis is the only option if there is a kidney failure.
However that is the worse condition and an early diagnosis can help in reversing severe damage to the Kidneys. At Dr. Prakash’s Diabetes Speciality centre, we have drafted specific tests that precisely diagnose any damage to kidneys at an early stage. Those tests include:
- Microalbumin test to detect traces of albumin in the urine.
- Serum creatinine test to measure the level of creatinine
- If the test is abnormal, your risk factors need to be reduced and further investigations have to be conducted.